Very common in women, water retention is a disorder caused mainly by incorrect nutrition and wrong habits. Let’s see what are the typical symptoms of water retention, what are the causes and some tips on what to eat and how to prevent it.
The water retention is a disorder characterized by the accumulation and stagnation of liquids in the spaces between one cell and the other that leads to an alteration of the communication and equilibrium between the lymphatic and venous system resulting in poor circulation blood.
This stagnation of liquids involves symptoms such as edema and swelling, particularly in the lower part of the body due to the force of gravity, therefore legs, thighs and buttocks. This compromise of the micro circulation can lead to the appearance of cellulite, that is, a skin imperfection characterized by orange peel skin. At the level of the face, it is manifested above all with the classic bags under the eyes, and can also be present at the level of the hands and at the abdominal level.
The tendency to retain liquids is typical of women and affects about 30% of the Italian female population. Women are most affected because of the frequent hormonal changes they undergo, for example with the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and menopause.
The causes of water retention can be pathological, that is, it can depend on renal and cardiac dysfunctions, allergic reactions or serious inflammations. In the absence of such conditions, the basis of the disorder is often an incorrect lifestyle, namely:
Among the most evident symptoms of water retention there is certainly swelling, edema and capillary fragility, with the appearance of capillaries and varicose veins. One of the most visible signs is cellulite, which with its various stages can even be painful.
The water retention, that is the body’s tendency to retain liquids, before being cured, like any other disorder, it should be diagnosed. Those who suspect of having a water retention problem should therefore first of all contact their doctor, who will evaluate the signs and symptoms (also through a tactile examination of the affected parts) and decide whether to proceed with diagnostic investigations.
Water retention, in fact, most of the time is caused by an incorrect diet and lifestyle; sometimes, however, it can be the symptom of a much more serious underlying pathology, such as heart or kidney problems.
The doctor’s intervention serves both to understand if you are actually facing a case of water retention, and to evaluate whether there are the conditions for considering a possible pathological cause.
Against water retention, it is very important to eat the right way. The diet against water retention is rich in seasonal fruits and vegetables, in particular the one with a lot of vitamin C, which helps protect the blood capillaries.
It is also essential to increase the consumption of foods rich in potassium (dried figs, bananas, dehydrated apricots, avocados, kiwis, etc.), an essential element in the fight against water retention as it has a strong draining power and promotes the elimination of liquids in excess.
The fiber intake must be adequate, while the consumption of sweets, high-fat foods and foods that contain a lot of salt must be reduced. Furthermore, as we have seen, correct hydration is fundamental: you should drink plenty of it; the most recommended waters are oligo mineral or minimally mineralized. Instead, sugary and alcoholic drinks are to be banned. Coffee should be taken in moderation.
If the wrong habits are the main culprits in most cases of water retention, prevention is implemented by adopting healthy habits:
If neglected, water retention can lead to the presence of varicose veins and can favor the appearance of the last states of cellulite, that is, fibrous cellulite characterized by small nodules and sclerotic cellulite, in which instead the nodules are large and pain is felt touch.
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